Bangladesh is a tiny country—a land about as large as Louisiana, but with a population of one hundred and forty million which has given it the status of the fifth most populous country of the world, situated in the eastern hemisphere of the world. Physically, the Bengal delta is a flat, low-lying floodplain in the shape of a great horseshoe, its open part facing the Bay of Bengal to the south. Surrounding its rim to the west, north, and east are disconnected hill systems of Indian territory and part east is bordering with the Union of Myanmar, out of which flow some of the largest rivers in southern Asia—the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, and the Megnha.
Bangladesh got its independence in 1971 after nine months of armed struggle against the army of West Pakistan. After the British left India in 1947, it was a part of Pakistan, called East Pakistan.
Bangladesh, though is one of the newest country to join the world community of nations, it has a long enriched cultural heritage. The land which is now Bangladesh has been culturally influenced by many ancient and contemporary civilizations like the Vedic culture of ancient India, the Persian culture of Mughal dynasty and the English culture of British Empire. Moreover, it is generally believed that Islam had come to Bengal long before the Muslim conquest of the region in the thirteenth century. Currently it is predominantly a Muslim majority country with minorities from Hindu, Christian and Buddhist faiths.
People of Bangladesh speak Bengali language which is written in the Devanagri script and three Bengali speaking individuals received Nobel Prizes in last hundred years.
Historically Bangladesh is known for its Muslin–a type of finely-woven cotton fabric and Jute—a special kind of natural fiber.
Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh. Under Mughal rule, the capital city of Dhaka in the 17th century was also known as Jahangir Nagar and a centre of the worldwide muslin trade. In 2006, Bangladesh earned a good name because of its Gramin Bank (micro-credit) and Dr. Unuse—the joint recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.